Call for Papers
Keywords: Nuclear techniques; artefacts characterization; X-ray fluorescence spectrometry; Elemental analysis
Call: Application of different methods of analysis in characterization of Cultural Heritage (CH) Artefacts in nowadays is widely used worldwide. Specificity of analyzing subject insists selection of methods of analysis. From one hand determination of the subject chemical composition is very important from another hand specificity of the subject make it difficult and impossible for analysis by classic methods. For investigation of Cultural Heritage Artefacts only non-invasive and non-destructive methods can be applied. From this point of view application of nuclear techniques are most suitable for this purpose. It has a potential for non-destructive and reliable investigation of CH artefacts.
Thus, elemental analysis is extremely important in identification of unknown chemical structure of archaeological samples and taking into account all written above X-ray Fluorescence (XRF), Ion Beam Analysis (IBA): (Particle Induced Gamma-ray Emission (PIGE), Proton Induced X-ray Emission (PIXE)), Prompt gamma activation analysis (PGAA) , Neutron Activation Analysis (NAA), Rutherford backscattering (RBS) by use of appropriate detector systems, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) in combination with energy (or wavelength) dispersive microanalysis has been extensively applied to obtain information on the elemental composition of Artefacts.
Neutron activation analysis (NAA) has been recognized as the method of choice for archaeological provenance investigations since the 1970s. Energy dispersive X ray fluorescence (EDXRF) is a non-invasive technique using portable equipment convenient for analysis of items which cannot be moved from collections. With the same level of detection limits, SEM-EDX, providing imaging and elemental analysis of tiny details accurately selected on the surface of an object. Also, neutron tomography produces high-resolution three-dimensional images that are required to survey an object for attenuation features.
These and many other’s instruments, its advantages and disadvantages, different archaeological samples characterization and diagnostics, dating and provenance tests will be discussed in this section
I prefer to see application of different non invasive techniques such as described in abstract. ED-XRD, ED-XRF, XRF, PIXE, PIGE, NAA application for CH artefacts: porcelain, pottery, pigments, paintings, jewelry and etc.
IAEA, Radiation Technology Series # 2,
Submission (open April 15, 2020)
Mind the guidelines