(Chair: Christoph ÖLLERER, Austria)

The main archaeological activities in urban areas are emergency excavations due to rapid expansion and intensive construction. Since this kind of excavation takes place under great time pressure, operational and organizational flexibility is vital. During this session, the structures of various archaeologically active organisations are introduced and their advantages and disadvantages are being discussed. By looking at these examples and exchanging experiences the participants learn about new tools to help them improve their work and they will get support in case of organizational changes such as leaving the public for the semi-private or private sector.