Marius-Mihai CIUTA1 / Beatrice CIUTA2
(1Lucian Blaga University, Sibiu, Romania / 21 Decembrie 1918 University, Alba Iulia, Romania)
Outline: The main objective is to reveal how peoples has used during time the old streets and road in building of urban center. In this context we used all the archaeological, historiography and topography data discovered since now.
Abstract: The continuing evolution of almost 1900 years of old town Apulum – headquarter of XIII Gemina Legion for over 170 years – has been highlighted by the oldest and most recent archaeological research, by sketches and topographical drawings of epoch (Habsburg, Austrian-Hungarian and modern). The current municipal organization being under sign of recent urbanity disputes require a reconsideration of the spatial disposal of streets, roads and public places within the old Roman camp. Using modern techniques and methods overlapped by data and information provided by archaeology, cartography, topography, castration, topological, planimetry, the authors try to put in a new light the entire evolution of the urban center of ancient Apulum. Started from time when the city was the most important Roman town situated to north of the Danube river continuing to be an important early medieval centre of power, then the county capital – the Roman-Catholic bishop’s seat (1010), capital of the Principality (1541), capital of Grand Principality (1711) until today. A conclusion of the paper is that no matter how deep want to be some urban interventions in different moments of history, old Roman camp planimetry managed to retain the essential lines, the original structure. Sometimes even were recorded cases of return (more or less intentional) to the old organizational structure planimetry.
Keywords: urban organisation, archaeology, continuity, discontinuity