Museen der Stadt Wien – Stadtarchäologie

Navigation Menu

Development of the infrastructure of medieval Tartu

Rivo BERNOTAS (University of Turku, Finland) Abstract: The aim of current research is to give an overview of the development of Tartu town infrastructure in the 13th-14th centuries. Methods: wooden constructions will be dated using dendrochronological dating, town wall and buildings will be compared with analogues from the countries adjacent to Estonia, find material will be analysed using typological method. Previous research: Archaeologist Andres Tvauri has written a dissertation about Tartu, which covers the time between the end of first millenium and the beginning of 13th century (year 1224 is date of the German conquest of Tartu, which is accepted as the beginning of Middle Ages in Tartu). There have been numerous publications about separate parts of medieval town buildings (study of St. John’s church being most comprehensive one), but complex research has not been done so far. Conclusion of the research: After the German conquest medieval Tartu was until 14th century a wooden town, reaching out up to present-day Tartu University botanical gardens in the north and up to Tartu post office plot in the south. Building of stone masonry started at the beginning of 14th century when new town plan was introduced. The new town plan included building medieval town square/market, town wall, masonry churches and houses. Keywords: medieval Estonia, town archaeology, medieval buildings, town walls,...

Read More

Poster – Contributions on Reports, Proposals, Projects

(Organiser: Peter WALDHÄUSL, Austria) The poster session committee welcomes abstracts for the annual 15th International Congress “Cultural Heritage and New Technologies”. We encourage presentations from students, new members, and professionals from allied fields. This is an ideal opportunity to present preliminary findings, unpublished or recently discovered material, preliminary results from recent or ongoing work, tips and any projects that could not be included in the specialised oral sessions. The goal of the poster session is to provide a showcase for you to present your work and ideas in a clear and concise manner. The posters will be displayed during all congress days. So you have an open forum for sharing information among colleagues, the possibility for discussions and/or searching for potential project-partners. Your full paper will be published in the proceedings of the congress (CD-Rom – Edition). The best ideas and best presentations will be selected by the members of the Scientific Committee. The authors of the best three posters will receive the 2010 – Vienna Cultural Heritage Poster Award. The notification of the awardees will take place at the Mayor’s cocktail...

Read More

Internet Encyclopaedia of Brno History, the City on Display

Irena Loskotová1 / Olga Le?bychová2 (1 Faculty of Arts; Brno, Czech Republic / 2Masaryk University, Institute of Archaeology of the Academy of Sciences, Brno, Czech Republic) Outline: Internet Encyclopaedia of Brno History is a culturally informative portal which has been run by a wide team of experts from Brno research, cultural and educational institutions on a long term basis. It provides information from various areas of Brno history to internet users by means of mutually interconnected encyclopaedia entries. Since 2010, the archaeological department has been worked out there in support of Operational Programme Education for Competitive Strength, in Partnership and Network branch. Abstrakt: Our lecture proposes a possibility how to deal with informational cultural heritage and a way how to make it accessible to public. This is realized by a professional community and because it is an encyclopaedia it is not focused only on archaeology but on all branches concerned with cultural heritage. Such interdisciplinary project supports an intensification of cooperation among individual branches and among different types of institutions. The objective is to create a communication basis between research and educational institutions in a way of a mutual generic database program unit monitoring archaeological situations in the area of Brno and Jihlava. The project is aimed not only at professional community but at subjects of public service too. To this service, it is going to provide relevant information for the protection of archaeological sites. Masaryk University and college (restoration, preservation department) students participate in the project through a developed student model. The project introduces new forms of cooperation in the traditional relationship between research and educational institutions. Archaeological sites are defined in three identification levels – space, time and factual. The basic unit of space identification is a ground-plot in urban area, completed with a lane in rural area. Streets, local names and town districts are added on higher levels. The usage of GIS interface will enable a precise identification of archaeological sites. There will be archaeological data layers created over the cadaster map in which digitalised and georeferenced historical maps will show. A chronological sequence of prehistory cultures with a consequential periodization of the Middle Ages and...

Read More

Dendrosimilarity and analyzing wooden settlement structures

Vincent MOM1 / Joachim SCHULTZE2 (1DPP Foundation, Dordrecht; The Netherlands / 2Archäologisches Landesmuseum Schloss Gottorf , Germany) Outline: Development of a new computational technique to determine whether pieces of (archaeological) wood are from the same tree, or not. Abstract: In order to determine whether pieces of wood are from the same tree, the authors developed a new computational method to compare year ring patterns. The basis of our approach is the assumption that the similarity between two samples from one and the same tree, in general, is larger than the similarity between two samples from different trees. The method calculates a similarity coefficient which is used as the main indicator to assign individual pieces of wood to tree individuals. The project is a cooperation between the DPP Foundation, the Archäologisches Landesmuseum Schloß Gottorf, the Federal Research Institute for Rural Areas, Forestry and Fisheries, Institute of Wood Technology and Wood Biology (Hamburg) and the University of Hamburg. The method is applied to wooden structures found at the Viking town of Hedeby in the northern part of Germany. Of the 25.5 ha settlement area within a semi-circular rampart about 5 % has been excavated since the beginning of the 20th century. Since the remains of Hedeby lie in a wetland area, many organic finds such as wood, textile and leather were well preserved. Being able to assign pieces of wood to individual trees is a great help to reconstruct the building process of wooden structures like buildings, track ways, fences, harbor constructions and boats. In this contribution the authors will demonstrate how the new method helped to reconstruct the different phases of a house. Also structures surrounding the house were analyzed to see whether they were linked to the house or not. Furthermore, the (dis)advantages of different calculation methods will be discussed. Keywords: dendrochronology, Hedeby, reconstruction of wooden...

Read More

Interdisciplinary Education. – Digital Architecture meets Egyptology

Iman KULITZ / Peter FERSCHIN / Peter JANOSI (Technical University of Vienna, Austria) Outline: new approach on interdisciplinary education, in the field of digital visualisation, for students of architecture and egyptology Abstract: Digital presentation methods for the transfer of knowledge are being applied more frequently in archaeology, however, predominately in the area of virtual reconstruction, principally as photorealistic renderings. In research this form of representation is controversial. New digital visualisation methods are necessary in order to: – be implemented during each part of archaeological research – illustrate the spatial and temporal context – visualise the essential information – integrate all data and metadata Interdisciplinary cooperation between architects, computer scientists and archaeologists is indispensable for the development of new visualisation methods. The actual challenge lies in communication as well as in the differing work and mindsets of the partners. In the long term sensitisation and mutual understanding through the development of visualisation methods in cooperative educational courses. The following paper describes an experiment of the interdisciplinary collaboration between the Institute of Architectural Sciences/Digital Architecture and Planning (IEMAR)/ Vienna University of Technology and the Institute for Egyptology/ University of Vienna. Under the main title of the lecture ‘Architecture for the Dead’ several egyptological subtopics were chosen. Students in small groups discussed these topics in order to produce visual concepts with the subsequent goals: Visualisation of – Architecture (abstract) – Origin – Development – Archaeological Interpretation – Information Each team consists of students from both disciplines. The task of the students of Egyptology was to research the data. Together with the students of Digital Architecture they structured and prepared the information. Thereafter, the students of Digital Architecture produced visual concepts from the datasets. The results and the evaluation of selected students work will be introduced. They should inspire towards a more interdisciplinary tuition as well as stress the importance of the implementation of  ‘Digital Archaeology’ in university education of Archaeology students. Keywords: archaeological visualisation; interdisciplinary...

Read More

PERDITURUS: Preserving Nordic Medieval Culture

Kari UOTILA (Muuritutkimus Ltd, Turku, Finland) Outline: This project will combine different perspectives like monitoring the chemical characteristics, analysing of organic remains, 3D documentation, 14C dating and dendrochronological analysis. This approach will enable us to document the present state of the archaeological deposits very carefully and to simulate the history of the site and at least to some extent predict the future changes. Abstract: Only rarely monitored archaeological sites have been excavated in a modern scientific way. On the other hand, archaeologist will only rarely possess monitoring information prior to the excavations. In this project we can combine monitoring data with excavation data and accurately date the layers in question. In addition, the whole process can be documented in 3D (total station, fotogrammetry, laserscanning) and the site can be virtually excavated later. This kind of careful documentation will provide us with the tools to compare different sites and to better understand the first steps of the urbanisation processes in the Nordic countries. The in-situ museum Aboa Vetus (Turku, Finland) is well documented and the physical changes in the structures and layers since its founding have been carefully recorded. However, even if the mortar walls have been monitored carefully, changes in the soil have received less attention. As Aboa Vetus museum is thoroughly documented and examined from the very start, as well as being immediately accessible to the research group, it is therefore a uniquely appropriate case study, where all examination, documentation, monitoring, and preservation methods may be carried out and developed. Keywords: 3d-documentation, virtual excavation,...

Read More