Museen der Stadt Wien – Stadtarchäologie

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Bisnik Cave. Final project results. The idea of Open Archaeology in interdisciplinary projects

Lukasz A. CZYZEWSKI (Nicolaus Copernicus University, Institute of Archaeology – Laboratory of Computer Methods Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science – RSEI, Torun, Poland) This year the process of preparation the system of documentation and data mining analyses for interdisciplinary cave sites process was finished. It consists of two independent modules: archaeological and paleozoological data storage entirely basing on the Open Source and elements of web applications, visualisation module partially open, based on Flash technology with additional Open Source 3D libraries. Thanks to the open solutions I was able to create independent from any platform, flexible, intra-site analysis tool for archaeology, paleozoology and geology. It allowed also to produce paper documentation as well. This publication shows the results of system implementation, samples of spatial analysis and future modifications of the project. The basis of analysis of data and their visualization, in it reconstruction of stratigraphy, is based on natural layers structure. Layers can be combined in complexes among any part the site in any configuration. Thanks to them, all the data can be analyzed, at the same time, by any classifications: archaeological, zoological or geological. Moreover simultaneous analyses do not change the data core. All the characteristic stratigraphical complexes are stored in the separate, temporary filtering chart. The adaptation to specific team needs, allows to presume that thanks to paleozoological archives, system can be used on the other collections. That give us hope for future among-sites analyses, which is especially important for interdisciplinary Palaeolithic cave sites’...

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Das internationale Film-/Multimedia-/DVD-Projekt „Römische Grenzen“ und Vorstellung der DVD „Der Donaulimes – Landschaft und Geschichte“

Erik DOBAT / Sandra WALKSHOFER (Boundary Productions, Deutschland – Österreich) Das Film-/Multimedia-/DVD-Projekt „Römische Grenzen“, das seit 2001 von Boundary Productions unternommen wird, wird vorgestellt: Ziele, Vorgehensweise, Ergebnisse und Nutzen. Im speziellen wird das aktuelle Projekt über den Donaulimes näher präsentiert. Boundary Productions e. K. (München) ist seit 1998 erfolgreich im Bereich Dokumentarfilm- und Multimediaproduktion tätig. Das Team besteht aus dem Archäologen Erik Dobat und der Diplomhistorikerin Sandra Walkshofer. Beide haben sich zum Ziel gesetzt, Geschichte und Archäologie mit Hilfe von Film und neuen Medien einem breiten Publikum näher zu bringen. Die wissenschaftlich korrekte, spannende und begeisternde Umsetzung archäologischer und historischer Themen ist dabei oberstes Ziel. Auch Schulen gehören zur Zielgruppe des Unternehmens. Die Eigenproduktionen von Boundary Productions werden auf DVD in renommierten Verlagen (z.B.: Konrad Theiss Verlag für den deutschsprachigen Raum und Northern Heritage Verlag für Großbritannien) veröffentlicht. Immer wieder werden auch Auftragsproduktionen für Museen/Ausstellungen ausgeführt. Der Nutzen solcher Film- und Multimediaprojekte liegt nicht nur beim Käufer der veröffentlichten DVD, bei den Schülern, die mit ihrem Lehrer die Inhalte ansehen und durcharbeiten und beim Museumsbesucher, dem der Film bzw. die Multimediaproduktion einen Teil von Geschichte näher bringt. Museen beispielsweise profitieren von den multimedialen Inhalten, die für Eigenproduktionen von Boundary Productions erstellt werden, da sie diese – falls gewünscht – nutzen können. Die Vorstellung von Museen und Orten kann zu einer Stärkung des Tourismus führen, was sich wiederum positiv auf die Forschung auswirken kann. Die Filmaufnahmen selbst sind eine Dokumentation des Ist-Zustandes. Sie können in der Zukunft als Archivmaterial genutzt werden. Keywords: Film- und Multimediaproduktionen, Tourismus, Schulen, Ausstellungen,...

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The Cultural Landscape Maintaining System (Kulturlandschaftspflegewerk ©) for the historic landscape zone of the frontiers of the Roman Empire – a trans-disciplinary governmental protection-, preservation- and development system by the historic landscape approach

Hans Peter JESCHKE (ICOMOS – Austria, Linz, Austria) In 2005 World Heritage Site of the Hadrian’s Wall (UK) was joined by the Upper German-Raetian border wall. Supported by the Summary Nomination Statement „Frontiers of the Roman Empire World Heritage Site“ (English Heritage, 2004) the perception of the archaeological relicts changed in these years from „an extensive and diversified ensemble (with) some 100 monuments and sites“ (Hadrian’s Wall Military Zone (1987)), and Upper German-Raetian border wall (2004) „together the remains form a relict landscape (2004) to an „extensive historic landscape“ of the UNESCO-Category serial property (UNESCO-Guidelines 2008). The principal thesis of this contribution is that such the historical cultural landscape approach makes it possible to protect and maintain the transcontinental archäological property with its landscape setting (Bufferzones and surrounding protective landscape zones / relict landscapes and continuing landscapes). This paper develops therefore a comprehensive managementsystem for a historic cultural landscape zone. This Cultural Landscape Maintaining System (Kulturlandschaftspflegewerk ©) for the Historic Landscape Zone of the Frontiers of the Roman Empire was created as a transdisziplinary governmental protection-, preservation- and developmentsystem, which covers all planning levels and different legal levels selected for this purpose. Based on a principle mangement mechanism the system consists of ten components: Regional Goverment and member of the Government principally responsible Regional planning concept UNESCO-Site management unit World Cultural Heritage Forum Monitoring Management mechanism (mentioned already) Preservation by means of subsidy measures Preservation by means of protective instruments / management plan Preservation by means of basic research and inventory Public relation, civic participation and communication. This system with its mechanism includes overcoming the splintered administrative bureaucracy which govern cultural landscapes in different-organised states throughout Europe: Protective and maintenance systems of the entire landscape surrounds with a network of specialised protective and maintenance for individual cultural landscape elements (FRE-Informationssystem with a integrated cultural landscape registry!) as well as pertinent financial support system specific methodology (as well as other spatially-relevant means) of cultural landscape care (historical spatial sciences) etc. inventory of cultural sites and landscapes tied to funding for the pertinent area organisational elements (office for coordination, protection and monitoring) as well as all decision-making levels united in a...

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Vindobona fortress excavations and 3D-reconstruction

Martin MOSSER (Stadtarchäologie Wien, Austria) Three very important excavations within the legionary fortress of Roman Vienna enabled a much better understanding of architecture, chronology and life in ancient times along the Danubian Limes. Elaboration and research of the 1982/83 campaign at the Wildpretmarkt, the 1995-98 campaign at the Judenplatz and at last the current excavations at Am Hof achieved results to take a chance for 3D-reconstruction. It was time to reach a wider public in presenting these results and the dimensions of the Roman fortress within the today´s inner city of Vienna. In cooperation with the company 7reasons, specialised in 3D digital reconstructions, it was possible – based on a ready made digital fortress – to create a mutable system, which can change in a very short time certain buildings of the fortress according to the state of research. In 2007, for example, the new discovered “fabrica” could be immediately reconstructed and is now shown to the visitors of the new Roman museum of Vienna both in digital reconstruction and as a wall...

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Aerial survey along the Lower Danube Roman limes in Dobrogea, Romania

Ioana OLTEAN1 / Ovidiu TENTEA2 (1University of Exeter, UK / 2MNIR, Romania) The paper presents the preliminary results of recent aerial survey along the limes area of the Lower Danube in Dobrogea, Romania. The aerial survey combining aerial reconnaissance and archival imagery data has started in 2005-2006 in the Southern sector between Durostorum and Axiopolis through the British Academy-funded research project run by the first author (Contextualizing change on the Lower Danube: Roman impact on Daco-Getic landscapes) and is currently moving further into the northern sector, between Troesmis and Halmyris, under the auspices of a new Romanian research initiative. The STRATEG programme (Defensive strategies and trans-frontier policy; the integration of the Lower Danube into the Roman world) aims to summarise contextualisall the known records of archaeological remains pertaining to the Roman limes in Romania and to identify potential new sites in the region. The project will provide full digital records and interactive mapping of forts and fortlets, roads, watchtowers, linear defences, but also settlements and funerary activity in the area of the limes. Through its web-based resources (databases; interactive maps; reading lists; syntheses –www.strateg.org.ro) and printed publications (articles; monographs; syntheses; brochures) the project will create widely accessible resources for international academic research and general audiences. The project will promote better collaboration between agencies and institutions of academic research and heritage management in Romania and will create an infrastructure capable to function effectively in international partnerships on the Roman...

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New Possibilities for aerial archaeology along the river border called „ripa Pannonica”

Máté SZABÓ (University of Pécs, Aerial Archaeological Archive, Hungary) The whole Roman Frontier in the area of Hungary was a river border. In the project of Culture 2000 we got a possibility to importance conduct a systematic research along the Danube. One of our main purposes was the aerial archaelogical reconnaissance of the Roman Frontier line in Hungary that can complement our former information. After all, what does „river border” mean exactly in aerial archaeology? The border of the Roman Empire is occasionally still acts as a border today. The reach of the Danube in Hungary is 417 kms. There are three countries in the borderland of the researh area: Austria, Slovakia and Croatia. The vicinity of the borders sometimes restricted aerial survey, but the ordinances of the European Union could improve the situation. The river is also a very important commercial line which attracts industrial and civil investments. On the Roman Frontier we can find big cities, including Budapest and its agglomeration too. All of these result restricted and built-up areas, as well as claims for permissions. From the viewpoint of aerial survey we could use only the remaining areas. Finally we needed good weather condition, good agricultural status and flight parameters… The aerial survey has taken three years in Hungary, along the Danube. We found new archaeological sites, for example an ancient city, roman roads and watchtowers and we could specify our former data. We combined our experience with new methods in aerial survey. Despite the restricting factors, I think our results verify the importance of the research and the future...

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