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CHNT 11, 2006 – Proceedings

Archäologie und Computer 2006. Workshop 11 Wien 2007. PDF-Files auf CD–ROM Preis: acht Euro ISBN 978-3-901232-87-9 Bestellung: Phoibos Verlag – Produktliste Workshop Archäologie und...

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Impact of the new Swiss Legislation on the international transfer of cultural property

(Switzerland) Introduction: Contribution to the protection of the cultural heritage of other states Protection of Swiss cultural heritage (export of cultural property from Switzerland) Promotion of international exchanges between museums (return guarantee for museums) Duties of diligence for the art trade and auctioning business. The Federal Act on the International Transfer of Cultural Property (CPTA) as well as the implementing ordinance (CPTO) have entered in effect on June 1, 2005 in Switzerland. The legislation is based on the UNESCO Convention 1970. In particular, the CPTA affects the following areas: Impact of the new Swiss Legislation on the international transfert of cultural property Concerning the four above mentioned areas....

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The UNESCO-Convention of 1970 – an Austrian archaeological perspective

Hubert Szemethy (Austria) UNESCO’s efforts for an enhancement of the protection of cultural property have a long tradition. Above all, the “UNESCO-Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property” (Paris, 1970) has been of pathbreaking importance to archaeology as it was published in a time when art markets began to focus more and more on archaeological and ethnological assets from countries which do not maintain sufficient infrastructure and resources to protect their own cultural heritage. Nevertheless, almost 35 years after having entered into force the situation remains unchanged. The number of antiquities without provenience on the market is increasing. The extend of illicit excavations – that destroy the important archaeological find contexts – are increasing as well. The relation between art market and illicit excavations and illicit trade in cultural assets is obvious. By referring to several case studies, this paper points to the dilemma of archaeologists who intend to attract interest on cultural heritage by their work, their research and outreach activities. The paper also firmly demands the ratification of the UNESCO-Convention of 1970 by Austria – as well as the ratification of the UNIDROIT-Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects (Rome,...

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Plundered, Stolen and Destroyed. The World Heritage of Mesopotamia in a historical perspective

Gebhard J. Selz (University of Vienna) This paper will apply a historical perspective to the role of plundering in Mesopotamia. It shows that history and memory are always connected to the political sphere, from which we have to discuss the changing reasons for this sort of continued barbarism. It will be argued that world-wide preservation of the cultural heritage must be based on a concept of a common World...

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Saving Antiquities for Everyone (SAFE): An American non-profit organization

Samuel Paley / Cindy Ho (USA) Founded in 2003 by Cindy Ho, a New York City graphic designer and advertising art director, SAFE’s purpose is to help preserve cultural heritage worldwide. Membership is mixed: scholars, people in the professions, educators, students and other interested individuals. SAFE’s mission is dedicated to consciousness-raising about, on the one hand, damage from looting and the illicit trading of antiquities and, on the other, to educating the public to respect the laws and treaties that protect cultural property. SAFE organizes educational activities and campaigns in the media. This presentation will illustrate some of the activities in which SAFE is involved. SAFE has no political...

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