Iulia DANA NEGULA | Cristian MOISE | Radu Claudiu FIERASCU | Irina FIERASCU | Constantin Ioan INEL | Ioana POPITIU | Alina ORTAN
(Romanian Space Agency, Bucharest, Romania)
Keywords: remote sensing, nanotechnology for conservation and restoration, digital reconstruction
Cultural Heritage has a major significance for the local community. The bond between heritage and community represents a bridge that connects the past and the present and it symbolizes the legacy that will be passed on to future generations. Recent studies show that the link between heritage and community “generates values like identity, tradition, the feeling of belonging, social cohesion”. Moreover, the local communities acknowledge the benefits of heritage that primarily reside in tourist development followed by the safeguarding of the local identity and traditions and knowing of the past. Likewise, cultural heritage has a critical value in building and cultivating the local identity. The undeniable process of climate change increases the vulnerability of the natural and cultural heritage sites. Considering the long-lasting efforts carried out to protect and preserve the cultural and natural properties, a special emphasis is put on heritage management and sustainability and also on the implementation of the digital heritage concept. In this context, the knowledge of the current state of conservation is essential. Suitable for both cultural and natural heritage, satellite data enables the generation of custom-made monitoring products, such as land use and land cover maps, multi-temporal analysis and change detection, digital elevation models, displacement maps, etc. The RO-CHER project (“Multidisciplinary complex project for the monitoring, conservation, protection and promotion of the Romanian cultural heritage”) proposes a multidisciplinary innovative approach for safeguarding the cultural heritage. It aims at monitoring the cultural heritage objectives with the support of space technologies, developing materials and innovative techniques based on soft nanomaterials, recommending an integrated management system (conservation, restauration, protection), and promoting cultural heritage by using state-of-the-art technologies of digital reconstruction. The results of the project will support the national and local authorities responsible for the protection of the cultural heritage.