Ulrike HERBIG / Irmengard MAYER
(Vienna University of Technology, Austria)
Abstract: At Al Balad-the old city centre of Jeddah there are still remains of traditional architecture to present it’s glorious past. Coral stone and wood are the main building materials and shaped the face of the city in former times. Most remarkable are the Roshans, the wooden bay windows that provided a possibility for the ladies to watch the life in the street and were one of the important parts for the natural ventilation in the buildings. But the architectural heritage is fast declining. In co-operation with the King Abdul Aziz University in Jeddah the Department for history of building and building archaeology worked on a building archaeological research to document typical examples of the building tradition. In an interdisciplinary approach scientists of architecture, geomatic and landscape planning analysed various aspects of the history of building of Jeddah. In the frame of a workshop 40 students of architecture got an introduction into methods of building survey from low t
ech to high tech. Besides the scientific results the work showed unique approach for Saudi Arabia. First time male students where supervised by female teachers. In this way the video will show an insight into the fascinating architectural heritage of Saudi Arabia and the application of building techniques under particular conditions.
Keywords: traditional architecture, building archaeology, Saudi Arabia