Ileana BUDISTEANU / Ruxandra NEMTEANU / Emil CREANGA
(University Spiru Haret, Bucharest, Romania)
Abstract: 3NSModern Bucharest developed in the late 19th century. The city centre, formerly occupied by individual mansions and monasteries with large gardens, underwent haussmanian-type operations and representative buildings were erected. The new buildings covered many layers of the former city fabric.
Case in point is the site where the Palace of the National Military was built. Underneath it stood one of the emblematic compounds of Bucharest: the Sarindar Monastery.
The first church built by the prince Matei Basarab” with thick brick walls, window and door frames sculptured in stone” dates back to the mid-17th century. The plan of Bucharest drawn by Boroczyn between 1846-1852 witnesses the existence of the Sarindar Monastery. Damaged by successive earthquakes the church was demolished after 1893; its garden marked by a fountain. On the site the future Palace of the National Military was built (1912-1919), its lavish terraces covering part of the monastery’s garden.
The Palace of the National Military is a building listed as historic monument part of the historic site of the city’ central area.
Retrofitting the building by recent decisions is a good opportunity to unveil at least some of the remnants of the former Sarindar Monastery. The paper will present documents (cartographic and written) that could support an archeological investigation under parts of the buildings terrace during the future retrofitting actions.
Our aim is to stress the role of architects and experts whenever such opportunities arise, their responsibility towards the still hidden archaeological patrimony. The issue becomes topical in the near future as the development of the city’s infrastructure envisages the creation of a large number of underground parking garages.
Keywords: hidden archaeological patrimony, role of architects