Sergio DI TONDO / Marcello SCALZO
(University of Florence, Italy)
Abstract: Purpose: The whole Adriatic foothills belt , from Sant’Arcangelo di Romagna to the Apulia’s borders, is affected by the presence of man-made underground sites that share typological and shape features.
Within this panorama, is possible to place the underground sites of Camerano. It’s an ancient village which is located near Ancona in the Conero reserve. The research published until now, only by local scholars, show a deep knowledge of the places, but they still don’t solve some questions related to the dating and the original use of these caves.
The current configuration of these underground spaces is characterized by long corridors with niches on both sides (typological type “double comb”) which lead to round plan rooms with niches located around. Both the long corridors that the round plan rooms show excellent architectural solutions, barrel vaults, groined vaults and decorated domes were made digging into the layers of sands and clays which characterize the subsurface of Camerano.
Methodology/Approach: The research, leaded in collaboration with the Municipality, focus on a typological classification of the underground sites to compare with the development of the buildings over the surface. The metric survey of underground sites, finalized to metrological analyses, is supported by a topographical network and indispensable archival research.
Results: Starting from the analysis of the data acquired, the research aims is to solve the two main issues about dating and original use of these caves.
Innovations: For the first time it’s faced a systematic study about these underground spaces using new technologies. The study applied to Camerano’s underground site could become a model which can be applied to the similar phenomena located along the Adriatic coast.
Keywords: underground site, digital application, survey