Francesco Uliano SCELZA
(Università degli Studi di Salerno, Salerno, Italy)
Keywords: GIS, Urban Planning, Archaeological Data Collection, Archaeological Investigations
The paper concerns the implementation of GIS of the territory of Poseidonia-Paestum, developed within the urban planning of the municipality of Capaccio (Italy). Its construction involved the systematic collection, comprehensive and integrated of all available information and the construction of supports for the monitoring of archaeological remains.
The work involved the creation of an archaeological cartography, useful for the purposes of the administration, protection and research.
The data collected were processed to produce thematic maps, spatial analysis and statistics, with the aim of evaluating the archaeological potential of the area. Through operations overlap, control and analysis of documents, a systematic process of rationalization of the management of Heritage has been implemented. From this point of view the archaeological map constitutes the basis for storage of geo-referenced spatial data and alphanumeric, developed as an open system, which can be used by other GIS systems.
The system allows to distribute the recoveries in the territory with different degrees of reliability, to know which areas have yielded ancient evidence and which others can potentially hide in the subsurface traces of ancient occupation. The system can assist the action of territorial protection and, at the same time, ensure its more effective planning. It offers the meaning of a dynamic area that does not remain stuck in the peremptory administrative acts, such as archaeological restrictions, but binds the land use and the real nature of the archaeological finds.
The system is built according to an open approach, understood as the ability to share maps by several Institutions: Local Authorities, Research Institutes and Archaeological Superintendence.