Dieter BISCHOP
(Landesarchaeologie Bremen, Germany)

Abstract: In 2004 and 2009 several remains of different stone tower buildings (in historical documents so called “Steinkammern”) were found during construction work in the city centre of Bremen (Germany). The finds date back to the 12th-13th century and form the remnants of generally multi-storeyed buildings. Such structures were built of boulders and later in time of bricks and were used as storage room and as residence, in particular for wealthy citizens such as merchants and functionaries of Bremen’s archbishops. Adjacent to these buildings were wooden constructions that were probably used as stables or shelters for the servants. Since these constructions were located near the river Weser it is likely that the occupants were merchants. In one of these houses remarkable finds (e.g. gold rings and imported pottery) were made. These finds indicate that Bremen traded goods with people from the Flemish region, North-France and Denmark.
One decorated wall was measured with a 3D – scan, the other structures with a grid. Most of the walls as well as the house foundation were well preserved as were some of the roof tiles and ornate windows, making it possible to reconstruct the appearance of the buildings. However, the preservation of the walls was incomplete and the reconstruction followed therefore similar finds from other more complete archaeological excavation sites.
Some of these archaeological structures were included in the new modern buildings and are open to the public.
A short movie was put together to show the development and evolution of Bremen one of these areas from the Medieval to the Present.

Keywords: medieval town north Germany, Bremen, Merchant