Giuseppe LEPORE / Michele SILANI
(Department of Archaeology, University of Bologna, Italy)
Abstract: Sena Gallica was the first roman colony established on the Adriatic Sea at the beginning of the 3th century B.C., as bridgehead for the Romanization of the northern Marche region, in central Italy. As important from the historical point of view, archaeology of Senigallia is still completely inedited. After a period characterized by occasional findings during the 19th century, the first scientific archaeological works back to the end of the 20th century. Since 2010 a new season of research has been started: the Senigallia Urban Archaeological Project, by an agreement between Municipality, University of Bologna and Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici, has the main goal of the discovery of the city understanding its historical evolution, through a GIS based systematization of old and new data. New research has initiated systematic surveys of the cellars and geophysical mapping of the historical centre. Activities frequently followed by preventive or salvage digs during works in progress, in which the new documentation techniques (photogrammetry, GPS, mobile GIS) allowed to reduce timeworks, embracing the needs of building. The new course sparked a fruitful relationship with both Public Institution and Private subjects, encouraging a multidisciplinary research which involves experts from different disciplines. In this mechanism archaeology is designed as an integral part of the urban planning process, through activities of prevention and control. In just two years this strategy allowed us to obtain two main results: 1) one operative, encouraging the formulation of an agreement with the Municipality, which includes the continuous involvement of archaeologists; 2) the other scientific, providing novel archaeological interpretations, thanks to new important data about pre-Roman phase, programmatic planning of the Roman colony, Republican housing, urban walls, sanctuaries and Middle Ages phases. A diachronic research based on a holistic approach to the city and finalized to the reconstruction of the 6 main phases of its history.
Keywords: Urban Archaeology; Preventive Archaeology; Romanization