Call for short papers (max. 5 minutes)
Round Table A9
Chairs| Recep KARADAĞ / Ali Akın AKYOL / Mahmut AYDIN, Turkey
Archaeometry is the term that was used for the application of the methods of natural and fundamental sciences on archaeological finds to define and characterize. Non-destructive new archaeometric techniques started to be used in restoration, characterization, authenticity and for obtaining maximum scientific info from cultural.
In the cultural heritage science authenticity means whether the object is really what is claimed to be. Authenticity is relevant both for archaeological artifacts and art objects. The related problems apply to newly found archaeological objects unearthed by excavations, stolen and re-find objects or the objects present in a museum that is suspected to be a fake one placed instead of the stolen genuine one. In some occasions the question is whether an art work belongs to the claimed famous artist or not.
Chemical compositions of cultural objects reflect the technology level at production date of the objects; this is directly related to authenticity. Therefore determination of chemical composition of cultural objects by nondestructive means has become vital for authentication. New non-destructive techniques (Portable-XRF, Portable Raman, and Portable XRD etc.) have allowed archaeometrists determine the chemical composition of both genuine and counterfeit objects for authentication.
Characterization and Conservation
Characterizations of Varnishes, metal, mosaics by Chromatography, Spectroscopic Technics, XRF and Solid State Nuclear Magnetic Resonance are a few Analysis Applications in the Field of Cultural Heritage. Another common used method is Scan Electron Microscopy which used in determination chemical composition of cultural heritage and let scientist to see microstructure of objects for restoration and characterization aim.
During this round table, the following issues may be discussed:
- How can the authenticity of a painting be determined by using new nondestructive archaeometric techniques?
- How can the authenticity of golden, silver and bronze objects be determined by using new nondestructive archaeometric techniques?
- How can we determine whether the existing object in the collection is really the authentic one or it has been replaced by the fake one?
- How can we determine chemical composition of dye, mosaics, glass and metals ?
How can we determine production way of textile, mosaics, glass and metals?
Please send us an abstract for a short presentation (up to 5 min)