Saadet Güner / C. Coskun Kucukozmen
(Foundation of Promotion, Research and Democracy for Turkey / Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey, Turkey)
During the history, wars, uncontrolled non-international armed conflict and terrorist activities, demonstrated the huge destruction of cultural Heritage (CH), the ineffectiveness of conventions ratified by the states and attempts of Inter Governmental Organizations (IGOs) and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) to protect CH during the time of armed conflict.
Nowadays, since the escalations tensions in the World (Central Asia, Caucuses, especially in the Mediterranean countries) arises, the community and institutions in the World start to find new approaches, tools, methods and the solutions to protect CH before-during and armed conflicts. One of the most important tools is the “risk management” .
It is thought that it could be useful to start with some basic definitions to this section. The techniques for risk analysis for earthquakes, flood dates back to 19 the century while risk management in banking and finance has became popular within the last three decades. “Risk” refers to the probability that a certain kind of harm or loss is expected to be realized. “Risk assessment” is the activity to identify hazards and assessing the likelihood of such harm or loss. “Risk management” is the activity or the decision making process following a sound risk assessment process to mitigate the adverse effects of such an event or occurrence. The main question which can be asked is: “are these techniques, and the associated researches, integrate to the management of CH in time of conflict?”.
In this paper, the probable answers of this question will be tried to find.