Valerio MASSARO1 / Matteo SCAMPORRINO2
(1Dipartimento di Architettura Disegno Storia Progetto / 2Dipartimento di Urbanistica e Pianificazione del Territorio, Firenze, Italy)

Abstract: The earthquake that hit the plain of Emilia starting in May 2012 has not yet stopped to fear, the seismic swarm continues.
The buildings most affected were historical and productive ones. Apparently unrelated to each they are very connected if you look at the Po Plain as a whole.
The seismic crater is comprised in a quadrilateral very particular on three sides is crossed by highways, one, in the north, by Po river, so the inside area is among the most productive in the country; at the vertex there Mantova, Ferrara, Bologna and Modena and Reggio Emilia, some of the most dense history of central Italy, architectural and cultural tourism destination.
The coexistence of these two vocations, productive and historical, has up until now “peaceful”, although “chaotic”: the area of the earthquake, in fact, has the connotation of “City widespread” or Sprawl (1), to this the reconstruction can also be used as a reorganization and redefinition of margins, roles and functions of the nuclei in the future of the area, but could also erase the traces historical under a continuous and unformed urbanization.
Carrying out a documentation work about the historical buildings, the urban and the territorial elements wants to serve highlighting the values which are useful for reconstruction and to limit the risk of “burying” the assets in the name of economic development needs (2).

(1)   Ingersoll R., Sprawltown, Meltemi, Roma, 2004
(2)   Hass, Kates e Bowden,  Recostruction Following Disaster, MIT Press, Boston, 1977

Keyword: Earthquake, Emilia, Identity, Architecture, Regenerative reconstruction.