(Muuritutkimus Ltd, Turku, Finland)
This project will combine different perspectives like monitoring the chemical characteristics, analysing of organic remains, 3D documentation, 14C dating and dendrochronological analysis. This approach will enable us to document the present state of the archaeological deposits very carefully and to simulate the history of the site and at least to some extent predict the future changes.
Only rarely monitored archaeological sites have been excavated in a modern scientific way. On the other hand, archaeologist will only rarely possess monitoring information prior to the excavations. In this project we can combine monitoring data with excavation data and accurately date the layers in question. In addition, the whole process can be documented in 3D (total station, fotogrammetry, laserscanning) and the site can be virtually excavated later. This kind of careful documentation will provide us with the tools to compare different sites and to better understand the first steps of the urbanisation processes in the Nordic countries.
The in-situ museum Aboa Vetus (Turku, Finland) is well documented and the physical changes in the structures and layers since its founding have been carefully recorded. However, even if the mortar walls have been monitored carefully, changes in the soil have received less attention.
As Aboa Vetus museum is thoroughly documented and examined from the very start, as well as being immediately accessible to the research group, it is therefore a uniquely appropriate case study, where all examination, documentation, monitoring, and preservation methods may be carried out and developed.
3d-documentation, virtual excavation, monitoring