Chair| Christoph OELLERER, Austria

Description| What factors influence the way excavations are conducted in urban areas?

Since the focus of last year’s meeting was ‚pre-excavation strategies‘, this year’s meeting will highlight the different aspects of the work done directly on-site of emergency excavations within urban areas. Of interest are all factors that influence the excavation manager directly on location.
As all of us, who have worked for a long time on excavations in construction sites, know, the environment constantly increases in complexity. The first question is which method to use. On principle, the aim is to implement a layer – excavation over a large expanse. This is often not feasible due to the local situation. One has to plan and corroborate alternatives if, for example, a garage has to be constructed underneath the surface or an older obstruction strongly dissects the excavation site. All these deliberations need to consider the applicable norms for construction safety, which doubtlessly have the highest priority during implementation. But to what extent does archaeology have to meet the technical requirements and the security standards and at what point is compromise no longer acceptable? Furthermore, one must not forget the applicable guidelines for excavation and documentation put forth by the monument conservation agency in charge of the respective State.
Apart from these issues there is also a budget to meet which additionally influences the excavation implementation.
These observations are supposed to give just an idea what the meeting will cover. Each of us doubtlessly had to deal with different situations during day-to-day excavation work. These situations should be discussed during the sessions in order to illustrate for our colleagues different ways to deal with them.