Ali Akın AKYOL
(Gazi University, Faculty of Fine Arts, Department of Conservation & Restoration of Cultural Heritage and Material Research & Conservation Laboratory (MAKLAB), Ankara, Turkey)
Keywords: Archaeometry, archaeometry in Turkey, archaeometrical studies on historical materials
Archaeometry is the term that was used for the application of the methods of natural and fundamental sciences on archaeological finds to define and characterize. The main areas of archaeometry are dating, artifact studies, study of the man and his environment, mathematical methods, remote sensing, prospection and conservation & restoration.
Although the archaeometrical techniques have been used extensively in the world since 1880’s, systematical applications are very new in Turkey. In the last three or four decades, departments of archaeometry in different universities were started to education and new laboratories were established and equipped for that purpose. Then, the project base researches on archaeological artifacts produced well organized limited groups mostly localised in different universities and in some institutions. Many scientists have been graduated from related fields and they started to produce archaeometrical data on defining cultural heritage.
The aim of this article is to define the scope of archaeometry and its interdisciplinary methodology related with the institutions in Turkey. And one of the practical examples of the laboratory MAKLAB (Material Research and Conservation Lab in Ankara) archaeometrical studies on historical materials will be shared.