Marilena COZZOLINO / Elisa DI GIOVANNI
(University of Molise, Department of Humanities, Education and Social Sciences, Italy)
Keywords: geophysical prospections, historical centers, conservation
The appropriate representation of the conservation status of a Cultural Heritage constitutes a primary element of knowledge in order to guarantee the success of a project concerning its valorization and fruition. In this context the use of non-destructive geophysical methods such as electrical tomography, georadar and electromagnetism system is a cognitive tool immediately prior to any enforcement action for restoration. In particular, they have a very important role in the redevelopment of historical city centers and they are helpful in situations where, for example, areas not yet built, within limited areas by ancient walls of the original settlers of the city, are destined to the construction of works with public value and it is therefore necessary to map the territory in a predictive way or even in redevelopment projects of historic buildings for monitoring the state of conservation of the same, or in the recovery of buried ancient structures beneath new buildings in the framework of exploitation of the original structures of the city. In this work three examples of application of non invasive geophysical prospections in the context of rehabilitation of historic centers are proposed: Frigento (Avellino, Italy), Alife (Caserta, Italy) and Nicosia (Cyprus).