Lília BASÍLIO / Jorge DINIS
(Dryas/iDryas/Universidade de Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal)
Abstract: Derived from a preventive operation, prior to a major urbanistic transformation, the “Baixinha de Coimbra project” has developed into an Archaeology protocol and a line of methodological research within iDryas.
The initial project was based on the analysis of five buildings located within an area continuously occupied since medieval times. During this work, architectural, stylistic, constructive and stratigraphical information – recovered from tests in specific areas of the walls – were recorded. From the integration of these different types of information, and the analysis of existing cartography, we were able to propose an history of construction, transformation and use for each studied building.
Besides the information regarding these buildings’ history and its impact on the comprehension of Coimbra´s urbanism through time, the work developed provided the basis to design a methodological procedure. Since applied to other historical constructions, this protocol was further enhanced with the introduction of new recording technologies and the integration of specific construction materials sampling and analysis and mortar luminescence dating procedures.
This protocol is based on the principle of approaching buildings as irreplaceable documents for the construction of knowledge regarding past urbanism and the history of buildings and construction. It pays particular attention to interventions involving the analysis of civil architecture within preventive and emergency projects, the possibility of subsequent scientific analysis of data, and the dissemination of information to a broader public.
Using the work developed at Baixinha de Coimbra, its results and the subsequent scientific analysis based on it, the proposed paper aims at presenting this methodological protocol and the potential of the collected data regarding: historical constructions and urbanism; materials characterisation; construction techniques dating; potential impact on reconstruction projects and management of historical urban areas.
Keywords: Buildings Archaeology; protocol; multidisciplinary analysis