(1 Technische Universität Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany | 2 Paderborn University, Paderborn, Germany)

Keywords: Cultural Heritage, Research Tool, Visualisation

The interdisciplinary project “Wesersandstein as a global cultural asset – innovation in the construction industry in pre-industrial times (WeSa)” was a cooperation between University of Paderborn and Technische Universität Darmstadt. Founded by Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), Germany, it was successfully completed in 2017. Intention was to examine prefabrication of buildings in preindustrial age in close interdisciplinary cooperation between history of art and economics, architecture and computer science. Through this interdisciplinary approach, this research project combined different disciplinary perspectives, which have hitherto been studied separately, in a high complex research process.
Different digital 2D and 3D visualization techniques have been used as research tool as well as medium of dissemination. By means of these visualizations it was possible to combine heterogeneous digital and analogue data, documents and further sources to the respective objects in three-dimensionality, thus establishing links and investigating them.
In order to analyze and investigate sandstone facades of different buildings 3D visualization technologies and especially photogrammetry and SFM were used. It was possible to find out similarities of the formats of sandstone and some principles of prefabrication. Furthermore, by means of 3D visualizations different types of ships and their load capacities were investigated. Against this background historical resources such as loading lists or invoices could be verified.
In this context 3D visualizations were also used to find out and classify spatial relationships between topography and loading conditions of sandstone in pre-industrial times.
A further purpose was to visualize historical transport routes of Weser-Sandstone. Therefore, 2D animated maps as well as 3D reconstructions of ships, vehicles as well as transport instruments were used as a tool of dissemination.
Based on the project WeSa the potentials of 2D and 3D visualization types as research, documentation and dissemination tool in Cultural Heritage should be pointed out and defined.

Relevance conference / Relevance session:
This paper is representing digital 2D and 3D visualisation technologies as a future research tool in Cultural Heritage.

The combination of different 2D and 3D visualisation technologies as research tool.


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  2. Pfarr-Harfst, M. (2016): General workflows, documentation approaches and principles of 3D reconstructions. Springer, Berlin