Fabrizio Ivan APOLLONIO
(University of Bologna, Italy)

Keywords: Digital reconstruction, Documentation, Paradata, Metadata, ConML

The virtual reconstruction practice requires a scientific methodology, concerning the documentation of the reconstruction process itself and related documentary sources, able to display the data‐processing behind any 3D modelling practice, and to cover the gap between the interpretation and the original data sources.
This documentary base has to be able to assure the “preservation of knowledge”, to qualify the outcomes carried out (reference ontology, application ontology), and to record/document the creative process adopted behind any reconstructive process. Such reconstructive process has to be focused/designed not only on “documenting” data sources and reality data used, but on “documenting” the process of knowledge reconstruction too.
As stated in the Seville Principles (Principle 7, 7.3) the incorporation of Metadata and Paradata is crucial to ensure scientific transparency of any virtual archaeology project.
An appropriate methodological approach to Paradata Documentation is aimed to creating a conceptual scheme able to clarify the relationship between research sources, implicit knowledge, explicit reasoning, and visualization-based outcomes, related to the reconstruction and cognitive process in Virtual Heritage.
This should be done through a Conceptual Modelling simple, affordable, and easily understandable by non-experts in information technologies, but mainly able to incorporate intricate and fuzzy temporality issues, ontic vagueness (i.e. imprecision) and epistemic vagueness, as much as the subjectivity of the observer.
ConML can be a plausible and appropriate alternative to CIDOC-CRM?