(Università degli Studi di Firenze, Florence, Italy)
Keywords: Culture Heritage, Florence, Juno’s Fountain, Bartolomeo Ammannati, Sala Grande
Art and Architecture are two meaningful parts of the humanity cultural heritage, being a product from the human artistry they are subject to the declination of the taste, of the styles, of the decisions of the historical period they belong to.
In this case study, the specific approach to the Ammannati’s Juno Fountain opens the paths to a series of lectures and interpretations to clearly read the original shape and setup of an “unrealized” masterpiece from the XV Century.
The physical reconstruction, kept in the National Museum of Bargello in Florence, leave open the “mistery” about the original Ammannati’s plot, the design intentions he was bringing on for the “Sala Grande” in Palazzo Vecchio.
To correctly read them and to define correct strategy of intervention the need to understand and have a clear knowledge about the contest and the studied monument is mandatory, any choice far from this will fail or in the worst situation may cause fake interpretations.
The investigation will be proposed to hypothesize about this meaningful monument and its possible asset inside the “Sala Grande” before the Vasari’s intervention (today it call “Salone dei Cinquecento”).
The resetting of fountain involved questions about original project of south wall of “Sala Grande” that was part integrating of the Monument.
This kind of reasoning represent an important step to apply an academic study to display matters. In fact, the part developed is peculiar for to communicate at Palazzo Vecchio’s visitors that the Salone is changed and that they can find a piece of the old configuration in the Bargello.
The acquaintance on the space that contained the Fountain is important in order to understand the Ammannati’s masterpiece. So the theory part is the first step to develop a Site Specific Project.
The digital modeling based on accurate 3D scanner survey allowed to use high quality models to verify and check the possible reconstructions and combinations from the single pieces to the possible original setup. The use of physical light simulation and of virtual sun positioning system, allowed the correct conditions to “see” the possible Ammanati’s plots behind the “fontana di sala grande” project.