Benedetta ADEMBRI / Sergio DI TONDO / Fabio RISTORI
(Soprintendenza per i beni archeologici del Lazio, University of Florence, Italy)
Abstract: The research, leaded until now by the Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici del Lazio, University of Florence and University of Valencia, has given comforting results about the relocation of straight and curvilinear friezes inside the south pavilion of Piazza d’Oro in Hadrians Villa. The study has allowed completing the virtual anastylosis both of the nymphaeum and of the two porches which are located in the southern pavilion of Piazza d’Oro.
Methodology/Approach: Starting from the data acquired during laser scanner survey, the researchers have realized 3D digital models characterized by a different level of detail both of architectural decoration and of the southern pavilion of Piazza d’Oro. The metrological analysis, executed directly on the 3D models, is used to approach the virtual anastylosis operations. Comparing the bend radius of each fragment with the geometric scheme of the pavilion it was possible to detect the primary position of architectural decoration. In some cases the shape of the fragments has given precious information about placement (i.e. POS 02 in Adembri, Di Tondo Fantini, 2010).
Starting from the results obtained until now, the research is developed integrating other methods of investigation in order to propose a complete hypothesis of reconstruction of the southern pavilion of Piazza d’Oro.
The comparison between the southern pavilion of Piazza d’Oro and similar buildings has allowed to guess an hypothesis about vaults and roofs in order to reconstruct the original aspect of the southern pavilion.
Results: The methodology adopted allows to guess a complete hypothesis of reconstruction, in which are shown the different levels of certainty about the solutions adopted. The model is the result of a scrupulous study of anastylosis based on surveyed data and assumptions confirmed by geometric arguments and comparison with similar architectural examples. The entire amount of information contributes to provide a reconstructive image of the Hadrian’s monumental complex.
Innovations: The research provides an hypothesis of reconstruction applying, at the same time, different methods of research which are constantly declared during the reconstruction phase:
The realization of render which are able to show the original aspect of the Hadrian’s monumental complex.
The usage of 3D applications for the production of photo-realistic images.
Keywords: digital application, archiving, dispersal, architectural decoration, Hadrian’s Villa.